Tanzania has the second largest area planted to maize in Africa, after Nigeria. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) data, approximately 4.12 million ha of land was planted to maize in Tanzania in 2012.Other staples include cassava, paddy, common bean, sorghum, sweet potato, banana, groundnut, sunflower and several others. A Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa (DTMA) adoption monitoring survey of 900 maize-growing households (HH) in nine districts in northern Tanzania conducted in 2012 found that farmers allocate nearly 70 percent of their land to this crop.
This issue of DT Maize focuses on drought-tolerant maize varieties in Angola.
Angola is a country of immense mineral wealth and enjoys huge agricultural potential because of its vast land and water resources. It produces a number of staples; a 2013 DTMA household survey shows maize occupies about 63 percent of all the crops grown in Angola.
CIMMYT-CCAFS Scientists Identify Maize Varieties That Can Withstand Drought and High Temperatures in Zimbabwe
By Florence Sipalla and Jill Cairns/CIMMYT
CIMMYT scientists working on the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) have identified the most suitable maize varieties for high temperature and drought-prone environments in Zimbabwe. The scientists have been conducting research on drought- and heat-tolerant maize varieties in areas that are vulnerable to climate variability and climate change in Zimbabwe. Working in collaboration with Sustainable Agriculture Technology (SAT), a local NGO, the scientists are testing the suitability of drought- and heat-tolerant varieties as a solution to challenges farmers face in “climate hotspots.” These farmers are vulnerable to climate change due to erratic and limited rainfall, a situation that is worsened by increasing temperatures. “To identify these areas, we looked at climate change patterns across Zimbabwe which allowed us to identify five wards: Bikita, Gokwe, Gutu, Mutare and Zaka,” said CIMMYT physiologist Dr. Jill Cairns. The scientists then downscaled projections of monthly changes in rainfall and temperature in these wards to confirm their vulnerability and get a better understanding of the seasonal changes likely to occur by 2050.